Mechanisms of geometric cognition

basic information

Title: Mechanisms of Geometric Cognition

Principal investigator: Mateusz Hohol, Ph.D.

Funding: National Science Centre, Poland

Grant ID: 2015/19/B/HS1/03310 (OPUS Programme)

brief description

The project aims at identifying the mechanisms of geometric cognition. It will help to explain human geometric skills and develop methodological base for the cognitive science of geometry. In particular, emphasis will be put on the analysis of the role of language in transition from the biological basis of spatial orientation to the use of advanced Euclidean geometry.

The project is interdisciplinary – it will be implemented at the intersection of cognitive science, psychology, philosophy of mathematics and methodology of science. Mechanisms of spatial orientation, results of developmental psychology research concerning acquisition of geometric skills, language of geometry characterized by the repetition of certain formulas, mechanisms of abstraction, as well as mechanisms of precision and conceptual stability in geometry will be analyzed in succeeding stages of the project. In the last stage of the project links between the mechanisms of geometric and numerical cognition will be examined.

Modern cognitive science of mathematics has its origin in the psychological studies of the representation and processing of numbers, which have been conducted since the sixties. On the other hand, geometry is an area neglected by cognitive scientists. This state of research is unsatisfactory if only due to the fact that geometric thinking is extremely important in modern mathematics, and it played an important role in the development of this discipline.

Implementation of the project can contribute to initiation of fruitful interdisciplinary discussions between cognitive scientists, philosophers and mathematicians themselves. The latter often are skeptical about the psychological and cognitive theories explaining the nature of mathematical cognition. Mathematicians point to the gap resulting from the fragmentation of theories that have concerned the numerical structures, at the same time neglecting geometry. In a wider perspective, the project may be valuable for the whole cognitive science, shedding new light on relations between the phylogenetically old spatial skills and language.

work in progress

The Foundations of Geometric Cognition – a book monograph under the contract with Routledge

peer-reviewed articles published within the project

In English

Hohol, M., Miłkowski, M. (2019). Cognitive artifacts for geometric reasoning. Foundations of ScienceAccepted, forthcoming [PDF_draft] 

Miłkowski, M., Hensel, W.M., Hohol, M. (2018). Replicability or reproducibility? On the replication crisis in computational neuroscience and sharing only relevant detail. Journal of Computational Neuroscience45(3)163–172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10827-018-0702-z [LINK] [PDF]

Hohol, M., Wołoszyn, K., Nuerk, H.-C., Cipora, K. (2018). A large-scale survey on finger counting routines, their temporal stability and flexibility in educated adults. PeerJ 6(e5878). https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5878 [LINK] [PDF]

Hohol, M., Baran, B., Krzyżowski, M., Francikowski, J. (2017). Does spatial navigation have a blind-spot? Visiocentrism is not enough to explain the navigational behavior comprehensively. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience11(154). https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00154 [LINK] [PDF]

Hohol, M., Cipora, K., Willmes, K., Nuerk, H.-C. (2017). Bringing back the balance: Domain-general processes are also important in numerical cognition. Frontiers in Psychology8(499). http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00499 [LINK] [PDF]

In Polish

Hohol, M. (2018). Od przestrzeni do abstrakcyjnych pojęć: W stronę teorii poznania geometrycznego. W: R. Murawski, J. Woleński (red.), Problemy filozofii matematyki i informatyki (129-143), Poznań: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Adama Mickiewicza [PDF]

Hohol, M. (2018). Biopsychologiczne podstawy poznania geometrycznego. Zagadnienia Filozoficzne w Nauce — Prace Komisji Filozofii Nauk Polskiej Akademii Umiejętności64, 137-165 [LINK] [PDF]

popular science articles published within the project

In Polish

Hohol, M., Miłkowski, M. (2019). Umysły i kąty. Tygodnik Powszechny2(3627), 13 stycznia 2018, 68-70 [LINK]

Hohol, M., Baran, B. (2016). Myślę, więc wiem gdzie jestem. Tygodnik Powszechny41(3509), dodatek Wielkie Pytania 2, 21–22 (9 października 2016) [PDF]